Newly declassified documents from the Clinton administration reveal that a civil airline modernization program for China was actually a program to train and equip the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).

The new documents, forced from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) by the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), are official USAF, Commerce and FAA reports on Chinese military contacts.

According to the documents, PLAAF officers toured Edwards Air Force Base in May 1999 for military purposes.

Here is documentation of when and where and who!

The PLAAF officers were given training on USAF combat missions, including “bombing and strafing” and “combat readiness.”

In 1994, then Secretary of Defense William Perry began a “Joint Defense” conversion project with Chinese General Ding Henggao. General Ding was the commander of the Chinese Army Unit “COSTIND” (Commission on Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense). One part of the U.S./China project was to modernize the communist civil “Air Traffic Control” (ATC) system.

The documented meetings shows that the Clinton administration attempted to conceal the military background of the Chinese representatives from everyone, including FAA officials. In 1993, a Chinese military delegation visited America. Yet, according the FAA, which sponsored the visit, the entire delegation was civilian.

The 1993 FAA delegation list includes a “Mr. Kui Fulin” who toured FAA Headquarters in Washington, Andrews AFB in Maryland, and Boeing aircraft Corporation in Washington state. “Mr. Kui Fulin” was actually General Kui Fulin, Chinese Army Deputy Chief of the General Staff.

The 1993 FAA list states “Mr. Li Yongtai” was the Commissioner of the Air Traffic Control Commission of China. According to hand written notes taken by the FAA, Mr. Li Yongtai was actually “Lt. General” Li Yongtai of the Chinese Air Force.

In fact, FAA officials who attending the meeting wrote “military” next to the names of seven members of the 1993 “China Air Traffic Control” delegation in an apparent effort to track the Chinese Army officers. Another example shows that a “Mr. Li Zhongli” was part of a Chinese civilian delegation visit in 1997 to San Francisco that was sponsored by Stanford University. “Mr. Li Zhongli” was actually Colonel Li Zhongli of the PLAAF.

In 1997, the PLAAF was given a demonstration in Sunnyvale California by Ashtech, a maker of GPS (Global Positioning Satellite) receivers. The briefing for the PLAAF and Chinese Navy officers states, “Ashtech produces a receiver that uses both the U.S. GPS signals and the Russian GLONASS signals resulting in significantly greater availability and integrity.”

According to a 1997 Rand Corp. report on the Chinese Defense Industry, “More accurate GPS systems would enhance the PLA’s ability to carry out attacks against Taiwan’s military and industrial facilities, potentially reducing the ability of the Taiwanese military to defend itself against PRC coercive diplomacy. The use of GPS to enhance the accuracy of long-range Chinese cruise missiles, coupled with long-range sensors, would raise serious concerns for the U.S. Seventh Fleet in the Pacific, and possibly circumscribe their ability to provide an effective deterrent in a crisis over Taiwan.”

In 1999, the Clinton administration offered the PLAAF the latest in advanced “mobile radars”, command and control systems, GPS navigation, and “Surveillance Avionics” such as “Air to Air”, “Air to Ground” and “surface Area Movement” surveillance radars.

According to a U.S. Air Force May 1999 report, the PLAAF was given details on USAF “Special Airspace” areas inside America used for military training, research and national security zones. The details include Edwards Air Force base and a mapped tour of the facility. Edwards AFB is a test center for USAF, and NASA research aircraft, including the space shuttle.

The newly released materials also include training manuals from the USAF 334th Training Squadron in both english and Chinese. The documents show Clinton administration officials proposed to train PLAAF military air controllers.

The USAF documents show PLAAF officers were given a “simulated” training mission. The training included a “two ship formation of F-16s from Luke AFB, Arizona” on a “bombing” and overflight mission in a training area, code-named “Baghdad”, northwest of Prescott Arizona. The simulated exercise also included “in-flight refueling” with a tanker aircraft under control of a USAF AWACs plane.

The USAF “AWACS” (airborne warning and control system) is a flying radar plane manned by Air Force radar controllers. The Boeing E-3 Sentry AWACS aircraft provided cover and control for thousands of allied aircraft during the Gulf war and again during the operation in Kosovo. AWACs aircraft are expensive and only a few Boeing E-3 Sentry aircraft have been exported to Saudi Arabia and NATO.

The PLAAF is not currently equipped with an airborne radar control plane nor an airborne refueling tanker aircraft. The Chinese Air Force did recently purchase thirty Sukhoi twin seat SU-27 variant super-sonic bombers, which are equipped with a retractable air refueling probe, giving them virtually unlimited range. The Sukhoi bombers are nuclear-strike capable.

The Chinese Air Force has also paid Israel to supply the Phalcon airborne radar system. However, the PLAAF radar plane deal from Israel was delayed when it was revealed the aircraft was actually a former U.S. made Boeing 707 airliner refitted with the airborne electronics, violating U.S. export laws. The Israelis are reported to be working with Russian airframe maker Antonov to fit the Phalcon radar system into a large transport for the PLAAF sale.

One 1995 meeting document from the Commerce Dept. also includes several names familiar to China-Gate and found in the Cox Report. In 1995, FAA, Commerce and USAF officials met with officers from the Chinese Army Unit COSTIND (Commission for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense). COSTIND was represented by an all star cast including Lt. General Huai Guomo, Maj. General Deng Yousheng, and Major General Wang Shouyun.

In 1999, Softwar obtained the full bio, in Chinese and English, of COSTIND Lt. General Huai after winning a Freedom of Information lawsuit against the Commerce Dept. The official White House spin is that COSTIND was not a Chinese military unit but a “civilian” agency. According to a November, 1997 report, written for the Commerce Dept. by “think-tank” company SAIC, COSTIND was neither civilian nor engaged in purely commercial activities:

  "COSTIND supervises virtually all of China's military
   research, development and production.  It is a military
   organization, staffed largely by active duty officers...
   COSTIND also coordinates certain activities with the China
   National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC), which produces, stores,
   and controls all fissile material for civilian as well as
   military applications.  COSTIND approves licenses for the use
   of nuclear materials for military purposes."

The Commerce Dept. claimed in August 1999 that it had complied with the orders of Federal Judge Robert Payne and turned over all documents on the Chinese Army unit COSTIND.

However, the newly released Commerce Dept. documents dealing with COSTIND were found by the FAA, not the Commerce Dept. The documents were turned over by the FAA in response to a FOIA request for Chinese military contacts. None of the newly released Commerce documents were given to Judge Payne in response to his Court order. Thus, the new documents show the Commerce Dept. did not fully comply with Federal Judge Payne’s order.

The Chinese Army unit COSTIND and the Chinese Air Force control “civilian” assets inside China. According to the Clinton administration, the PLAAF controls all air traffic in China, civil and military. PLAAF officers and enlisted personnel man all air control (ATC) facilities in red China. The ATC system and the PLAAF controllers are directly connected to the Chinese integrated air defense network of surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) and fighter-interceptors.

The PLAAF also owns several businesses. According to a 1994 report by the U.S. Army defense attache in Beijing, “the major enterprise subordinate to the PLA Air Force is the China Lantian (Blue Sky) Industrial Corp. Also affiliated to Lantian is the Tian Ma (Sky Horse) Brand of vehicles and vehicle repair parts and facilities. China United Airlines (CUA) is a commercial entity of the PLA Air Force.”

According to the 1997 Rand report on the Chinese Defense Industry, “for those who oppose any subsidization of the PLA, there is thus ample evidence that profits from PLA-affiliated enterprises directly benefit the main-line forces of the Chinese military.”

Defector Confirms Chinese Army Spying on U.S.

Charles R. Smith
Tuesday, March 27, 2001

Armed with information from a high-ranking defector, President Bush is reported to be on the verge of shutting down Chinese military espionage in America. The defector, identified by the BBC as Lt. Col. Xu Junping, is said to be singing like a bird about Chinese army intelligence operations inside the United States.

According to Taiwanese news sources, Xu is a senior colonel in charge of North American affairs for the People’s Liberation Army General Staff Department. Xu’s reported expertise is arms control and U.S. military-to-military contacts.

Xu’s information on Chinese army spy operation has led several high-ranking members of the Bush administration to press for the suspension of major military-to-military contacts with Beijing. Under the proposed ban, Chinese military officials will no longer be allowed the exclusive access to sensitive U.S. facilities that they previously enjoyed under the Clinton administration, which considered China a “strategic partner” in Asian military affairs.

Although not as dramatic as the expulsion of dozens of Russian spies, the move will cripple People’s Liberation Army intelligence operations inside America. The Bush-led effort is expected to allow high-level Chinese army officers to attend only official military functions.

Why Did Clinton Abet Chinese Spying on U.S.?

The information obtained from Xu has led U.S. intelligence officials to question the previous free access given to Chinese army officers during the 1990s. The Clinton strategic partnership with the People’s Liberation Army included military training, computers, encrypted communications equipment, satellites and exclusive access to U.S. military facilities inside America. Xu confirmed that Chinese army intelligence officers frequently abused civilian programs to mask their military and economic espionage.

According to documents previously obtained from the U.S. government using the Freedom of Information Act, China abused a civil air traffic control program to obtain important military information such as “Combat Readiness.” The documents also show that the Chinese attempted to conceal the military background of the representatives.

For example, in 1993 a Chinese military delegation visited America under the Federal Aviation Administration civil exchange program using civilian titles. One FAA official noted that many of the Chinese delegation actually held rank in the People’s Liberation Army.

The anonymous FAA official who attending the meeting wrote “military” next to the names of seven members of the 1993 “China Air Traffic Control” delegation in an apparent effort to track the Chinese army officers.

The 1993 FAA delegation list included “Mr. Kui Fulin,” who toured Federal Aviation Administration headquarters in Washington, Andrews AFB in Maryland, and Boeing Corp. in Washington state. Mr. Kui Fulin was actually Gen. Kui Fulin, Chinese army deputy chief of the general staff. Fulin is known as the man who planned the brutal 1989 army attack on unarmed student demonstrations in Tiananmen Square.

The Chinese army access to the America continued throughout the Clinton years under the so-called Federal Aviation Administration civilian air program with exclusive tours backed by U.S. industry giants such as United Airlines and Lockheed Martin.

In May 1999 Chinese air force and navy officers visited Edwards Air Force Base for the Federal Aviation Administration civil program under a tour sponsored by Lockheed Martin. Edwards AFB is a test center for American military and NASA research aircraft, including the F-22, Joint Strike Fighter and space shuttle.

U.S. Air Force documents show that Sr. Col. Li Zhongli, Sr. Col. Wang Changzheng and Maj. Wang Shouxing gained entry to Edwards Air Force Base. The documents noted that the Chinese officers were given detailed information on military operations at Edwards AFB.

The Chinese air force officers were also given details on U.S. Air Force “Special Airspace” areas inside America that are used for military training, research and national security zones. The Chinese military officers were given the latest information on advanced “mobile radars,” command and control systems, GPS navigation and “Surveillance Avionics” such as “Air to Air,” “Air to Ground” and “Surface Area Movement” surveillance radars.

Chinese military officers were also given training on U.S. Air Force combat missions, including “bombing and strafing” and “combat readiness.” The U.S. Air Force documents show Chinese Air Force officers were given a “simulated” F-16 training mission under the FAA civil program.

The training included a “two ship formation of F-16s from Luke AFB, Arizona” on a “bombing” and overflight mission in a training area, code-named “Baghdad,” northwest of Prescott, Ariz. The simulated exercise also included “in-flight refueling” with a tanker aircraft under control of a U.S. Air Force AWACs plane.

Defense and State Department officials, backed by the espionage details provided by Xu, have reportedly recommended the new freeze in military exchanges amid heightened security concerns. The new concern in Washington is reflected in the recent decision by President Bush to order air strikes against a Chinese-built air defense system outside Baghdad.

The U.S. and U.K. air attacks were timed to strike when Chinese engineers were not working on the Iraqi fiber-optic command network, NATO code-named “Tiger Song.” In the following war of words, Secretary of State Colin Powell reported conservations with Beijing clearly noted the U.N. embargo on weapons for Baghdad is still in effect. Powell stated that the public and private protests over Beijing’s illegal supply of weaponry to Iraq would continue.



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